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Research and innovation policy analysis

While the importance of research and technology development (RTD) has long been recognised in policy, the focus of attention is increasingly shifting to innovation as the intended outcome of RTD activities. Key questions in this context are how to ensure the effectiveness and efficiency of RTD programmes (notably in terms of the commercialisation of the results) and how to improve the framework conditions for innovation in general (creating an “innovation culture”). Increasingly, innovation is seen as a horizontal issue that is cross-cutting different policy domains, such as research, education, economic and infrastructure policy.

These considerations are detailed in the European Commission’s Europe 2020 strategy and in the “Innovation Union” Communication. The Commission sees an “Innovation Union”, one of the seven flagships of the Europe 2020 Strategy, as key to achieving the goals of a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy set out in this vision.

Against this background, the European Commission awarded a framework contract for studies in the field of research and innovation policy analyses. Each study has to produce policy briefs and a workshop. Within this framework contract, the study team of empirica, Dialogic and FHNW was charged to carry out the following specific studies:

Policies supporting efficiency and effectiveness of R&I systems

Policies in support of high-growth innovative enterprises

The need for innovations in business models

The effectiveness of national research funding systems

Internationalisation of innovation in SMEs